Product liability refers to the legal responsibility of manufacturers for any harm or damage caused to health or property resulting from the use of a defective product. These claims can arise even in the absence of a contract between the manufacturer and the end customer. The legal framework governing product liability in Germany is provided by the Product Liability Act. It is important to distinguish product liability claims from claims for defects, which may arise from either the purchase contract with the seller or a guarantee.
The regulations outlined in the Product Liability Act complement the contractual and tortious liability provisions under the German Civil Code.